In the 16th century, the fourth Guru of the Sikh community, Guru Ramdas settled down by a pool with miraculous healing powers and that was the founding of Amritsar city which means "Sweet" (Amrit) Lake (Sar). His son built a temple in the midst of the pool, now known as the Golden Temple. The city is most famous for the festival Baisakhi which is also known as the Harvest Festival and is celebrated in April. It is also the day when the Khalsa Panth was founded by Guru Gobind Singh, converting the Sikhs into a martial race.
Places of Interest:The Golden Temple - Also known as Hari Mandir, is the most important shrine of the Sikhs. The glittering domes of the temple, covered with 480kgs of pure gold leaf are reflected in the pool in front of the temple.
Durgiana Temple - This temple is a place of pilgrimage for the Hindus. The domes of this temple are also covered with gold and silver.
Jailanwala Bagh - This is where on 13th April 1919 the British General Dyer fired on an unarmed crowd gathered for Baisakhi and killed 399 people an injured over 1200. Today a stone memorial stands in silent remembrance.
Wagah Border - Wagah is only 32 kilometers from Amritsar Wagah is the border checkpost between India and Pakistan. It is maintained by the Border Security Force (BSF) and it is their responsibility to man the Indian borders, especially in peace time. Every evening as the sun sets, the officers on either side ceremoniously lower the respective flags. This is the Retreat ceremony and visitors are allowed at this time into the complex to witness the event.